Hull, Cordell

   Hull was ROOSEVELT’s Secretary of State from 1933–44. He was a confirmed internationalist and played a large part in founding the United Nations. Before the USA declared war on Japan, Hull was involved in protracted negotiations with the Japanese (which began in July 1941) over the situation in the Far East. He had the advantage of having all Japanese messages from Tokyo to Washington decoded and this meant that he could see that the Japanese were preparing for war. In September 1941 Hull persuaded the President not to meet Prime Minister KONOYE because he felt that there would have to be a diplomatic agreement to prepare the ground. The final stage of negotiations opened on 22 November 1941 when the US and Japanese considered draft proposals for an interim agreement which outlined a timetable for Japanese withdrawal from Indo-China and eventually from China. This could have saved the day but the Chinese did not like the proposal, fearing that they were being abandoned by the US. After consultations with the President, Hull submitted a final demand that Japan withdraw from all of mainland Asia. This was unacceptable to the Japanese and they handed Hull the Declaration of War two hours after Pearl Harbor had begun (7 December 1941).
   During the war Roosevelt conducted much of US foreign affairs himself through his special envoys, HOPKINS and HARRIMAN. Hull had no more than weekly meetings with the President. However he had his own concerns and pursued a policy of trying to win over the Vichy Regime in France which led to the DARLAN Agreement. US relations with the Free French movement of DE GAULLE were soured by this and Hull refused to recognize de Gaulle’s Committee until August 1943. He suffered from ill-health but was able to lead the US delegation to the Foreign Ministers’ Conference at Moscow in 1943 which solved many postwar problems. Hull also did much work for the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in which the workings of the proposed United Nations were discussed. He retired shortly afterwards because of illhealth.

Who’s Who in World War Two . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hull,Cordell — Hull, Cordell. 1871 1955. American public official who as secretary of state (1933 1944) laid the groundwork for the founding of the United Nations. He was awarded the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hull, Cordell — born Oct. 2, 1871, Overton county, Tenn., U.S. died July 23, 1955, Bethesda, Md. U.S. politician and diplomat. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1907–21, 1923–31), where he wrote the first income tax bill (1913) and the inheritance… …   Universalium

  • Hull, Cordell — (1871 1955)    Born near Byrdstown, Tennessee, Cordell Hull attended Cumberland Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1892. He practiced law until 1903 when he became a circuit judge. A Democrat, Hull was elected to the state legislature in… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Hull, Cordell — ► (1871 1955) Político estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de la Paz en 1945 por su intervención en la creación de las Naciones Unidas. * * * (2 oct. 1871, cond. de Overton, Tenn., EE.UU.–23 jul. 1955, Bethesda, Md.). Político y diplomático… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cordell Hull — 47th United States Secretary of State In office March 4, 1933 – November 30, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt Deputy …   Wikipedia

  • Cordell Hull — als US …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cordell Hull Birthplace State Park — Cordell Hull Birthplace U.S. National Register of Historic Places …   Wikipedia

  • Cordell Hull — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cordell Hull Cordell Hull (Olympus, Tennessee, EUA 1871 Washington D.C. 1955 ) fue un abogado y político estadounidense que fue Secretario de Estado entre 1933 y 1944, y q …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hull — Hull, Clark Leonard Hull, Cordell (Kingston upon Hull) ► C. de Gran Bretaña, en el E de Inglaterra, condado de Humberside, junto al mar del Norte; 246 700 h. Principal puerto pesquero del país. * * * (as used in expressions) Hull, Bobby Robert… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cordell Hull — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hull. Cordell Hull Cordell Hull (2 octobre 1871 – 23 juillet …   Wikipédia en Français

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